Italian

HERE YOU CAN FIND SOME USEFUL INFORMATION IN ORDER TO REMEMER WHAT WE DID.

FOR BRAVE STUDENTS I’VE ATTACHED SOME EXTRA LESSONS

lezione numero 2                                      Vocabolario – Le parti del corpo

lezione numero 3                                  (Number’s song )

Colours                                                           Vocabolario – map of Italy

Vocabolario – a scuola

Lezione numero uno

L’alfabeto

a , b (bi), c (ci), d (di), e, f (effe), g (gi), h (acca), i, l (elle), m (emme), n (enne), o, p (pi), q (qu), r (erre), s (esse), t (ti), u, v (vi), z (zeta)

 Suoni

 

Vocali

 

A   like “a” in father
E   like “e” in pen  (closed sound)
È   like “e” in egg  (stronger and opened sound)
I   like “i” in marine
O  like “o” in cozy (closed)
O like “o” in cost (opened)
U like “u” in rude

 

Suoni e Spelling

The consonants like B, F, M, N, e V are pronounced like in English
“C” prima di (before) “a”, “o”, “u” and before consonants have a sound like “k” inglese
“Ce” e “Ci” like “ch” in “church”
“Chi” e “Che” come Ki e Ke
D is somewhat more explosive than in English, with the tongue near the tip of the upper teeth but with no aspiration
G before “a”, “o”, and “u” and before consonants has a sound like the g in good
Ge and Gi is like the “g” in general
Ghi and Ghe have a sound like geopard
“Gli” is like “ll” in million
H is silent.
L is as in English, but sharper and more forward in the mouth.
 P is as in English, but without the aspiration that sometimes accompanies this sound in English
R is different from the English r; it is pronounced with one flip of the tongue against the gums of the upper teeth. This is the trilled r.
Initial S before vowels and unvoiced consonants (c, f, p, q, s, t) is pronounced like the s in sun.
S before voiced consonants (b, d, g, l, m, n, r, v) is pronounced like the s in rose.
T is approximately the same as in English, but no escaping of breath accompanies it in Italian.
 Z can be voiced, like ds in beds, or voiceless, like ts in bets.
Sci and sce is like  “She” and “shi” in shepherd or ship

 

Exercises

  1. Read the following words:

 

Chiesa,      macchia,   cena,         è,      ghepardo;         rugiada;   coniglio;         ghiaccio;   bacio;      buongiorno; campagna;               chiamare;         chiedere;          inglese;     irlandese.

 

  1. Do the Italian spelling of the words in the exercise n. 1

Saluti e Presentazioni

Ciao! (Hello/Hi) (informal way)

Salve! (Hi!) (more formal)

Buongiorno / Good morning

Buon pomeriggio/ Good afternoon (after 3pm)

Buona sera / Good evening (when sky is dark)

Buona notte / Good night   (befor going to bed)

 

Come ti chiami?                                                         What’s your name?

Mi chiamo ________                                                        My name is _________

Io sono _________                                                       I am ___________

Piacere (di conoscerti)                                               Nice to meet you!

Come va?                                                                   How are you doing? Or How is it going

Come stai?                                                                        How are you?

Bene grazie. E tu?                                                     Well thanks and you?

Di dove sei?                                                    Where are you from?

Sono irlandese                                                                   I’m Irish.

Dove abiti?                                                                        Where do you live?

Abito vicino a piazza Garibaldi?                                          I live near Garibaldi square.

Scusa, non ho capito                                                          I’m sorry, I didn’t quite catch that.

Che lavoro fai? or      Cosa fai nella vita?                            What do you do?

Faccio _________            Sono_________                       I am a/an __________

Quanti anni hai?                                        How old are you?

Ho trentadue anni.                                     I’m 32.

Hai amici italiani?                                      Do you have Italian friends?

Parli irlandese/inglese / spagnolo / francese / tedesco?      Do you speak Irish/English / Spanish / French / German?

Un po’.                                                      A little bit.

Ti piace _________________?                        Do you like __________________?

Si, mi piace moltissimo.                              Yes, I like it very much.

Ciao (informal)/ Arrivederci (formal)          Goodbye.

Grazie                                                       Thank you

Prego                                                        Welcome!

 

Pronomi Personali

Io                                                                                     I

tu                                                                                     you

egli (lei/lui/esso)                                                               he (she/he/it)

noi                                                                                    we

voi                                                                                    you

essi(loro)                                                                           they (they)

 

 

Presente Indicativo Verbo essere  (To be)

 

Io sono                                                                     I am

tu sei                                                                        you are

egli (lei/lui/esso)       è                                              he (she/he/it) is

noi siamo                                                                   we are

voi siete                                                                    you are

essi(loro) sono                                                           they (they) are

Esercizio

 

1 Riempi gli spazi:

 

1) Marco ______ un’insegnante.

2) Sara e Luisa ________ amiche.

3) Tu ________ irlandese.

4) Noi ________ compagni di classe.

5) Lei ________ mia sorella

6 ) Voi ________ i miei alunni.

7) Io _________ stanco.

8) Noi _________ sposati.

9) Luigi _________ un bel ragazzo.

10)               La lezione ________ interessante.

11)                La vita di città ________ stressante.

12)               Le sue parole ______ inutili.

13)               La sua maglia ________ blu.

14)               I suoi pantaloni ________ verdi.

 

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